Bijeljina is an urban settlement and a center of the local self-government unit that bears the same name, which has the status of city located in the north-eastern part of the Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city area covers an area of 734 km2 and includes Semberia plain which extends on the south over the hills of Majevica. The City of Bijeljina is located at the confluence of the Sava and the Drina and these two rivers represent the northern and eastern borders of the city towards Macva and Srem.
The Drina and Sava rivers also represent the state border with Serbia and Croatia, and the center of the city is located aboutsix kilometers from the border with Serbia and about 40 kilometers from the border with Croatia.
Neighboring municipalities are Lopare, Ugljevik, Zvornik and Brcko District. Due to its geopolitical position, this city is a crossroad of the routes leading from the western part of the Republic of Srpska to Serbia, as well as from the eastern part of the Republic of Srpska and southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northern Serbia, to the Pannonian plain and Central Europe. Thanks to the fertile soil of Semberia, Bijeljina is one of the centers for food production and trade and the most frequent corps are cereals and vegetables. Semberia lies on a vast underground lake of thermal water used for spa treatment in the famous Spa Dvorovi, six kilometers from the town of Bijeljina. The plan is to use the thermal water in the near future to heat large greenhouses for vegetables and flowers. The city of Bijeljina has around 115,000 inhabitants and is the second city by population in the Republic of Srpska – just behind Banja Luka. Situated at the confluence of the Drina and Sava rivers, at the borders of three countries, at the crossroads of important roads – Semberia looks like a paved carpet made of the finest materials with images of the fertile fields and gardens, meadows and forests, rivers and hills, picturesque villages and the town of Bijeljina, remains of rich history and modern life…
Due to traditional hospitality of Semberian people, increasing quality of offer in all areas of religious, hunting, fishing, spa, transit, fair and ethno-tourism, traces of the rich history and position at the crossroads of important routes, Bijeljina has become an attractive tourist destination, visited by more and more local and foreign tourists. The inhabitants of Semberia are becoming increasingly aware of tourism opportunities of their homeland and are investing significant resources into the development of this industry. Bijeljina is rapidly growing into a modern city where new increasingly replaces the old. However, in Bijeljina there are a few old buildings that represent real architectural and cultural jewels which are jealously guarded. Among them particular attention should be paid to the buildings of Semberija Museum, Church of St. George, the City Administration Building, Pavlovic bank, Atik Mosque and the Elementary School “Sveti Sava”, and to the city park in the city center which was built more than 100 years ago and is one of the largest in the Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
People of Bijeljina are proud of the City Gallery which organizes numerous exhibitions of local and foreign authors, and in the center of town there is the “Filip Visnjic” Library, the first library in the socialist Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is located in a building specially built for the library. Many cultural events are held throughout the year successfully meeting the diverse cultural tastes of the audience which is most numerous during the “Pantelinskih dana” in early August, dedicated to St. Panteleimon, the patron saint of Bijeljina, along with other events such as Bijeljina Dance Festival, Days of Comedy – Theater Festival and May Music Festival in the first half of the year, as well as “Visnjicevi dani” held in November which are dedicated to the memory of one of the greatest 19th century gusle players Filip Visnjic.
A new Cultural Center with a modern multifunctional hall for theater performances and other events has been recently built in the center of Bijeljina. The Cultural Center has already become a center of cultural events, and particularly attention has been paid to the theater performances of Bijeljina actors or guest actors from the theaters in the region.
Semberija Museum traditionally participates in the global event “Night of Museums”, for which received an award from the French Ministry of Culture.